Environmental sanitation refers to activities aimed at improving or maintaining a proper standard of best environmental conditions affecting the well-being of people.
To be specific, these conditions include a proper human, animal, and industrial waste disposal and management, clean water supply, suitable housing in clean and safe surroundings as well as food free from chemical and biological contaminations that is what environmental sanitation is all about.
In keeping to proper environmental sanitation or environmental hygiene, good water management must ensure that water from wells, rivers, springs or lakes are properly treated before being supplied to consumers.
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Another important aspect of environmental hygiene is adequate to control of air and noise pollution.
Waste management is also a vital aspect of environmental sanitation. This requires that wastes generated from human, animals, and industries such as household garbage, sewage, biological and chemical wastes are properly disposed and treated or recircled. If all these conditions in our environment are put in place, the living conditions of people will be improved and health challenges like typhoid, infectious hepatitis, cholera, anxiety, lung and heart diseases, hookworm and accidents caused by air and noise pollution will be prevented.
In summary, good environmental sanitation should be a must for every society.
You can achieve a hygienic society by regularly cleaning and disinfecting your house and surrounding.
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Ensure that your garbage is properly disposed of through covered trash cans or disposable waste bags rather than burning them.
Make sure you drink clean water. If you are not sure of the water in the locality, treat the water before you drink or buy already treated water.
Also, ensure that industrial and hospital waste are disposed of properly. Avoid air or noise pollution and don’t cause them either. Always remember that prevention is better than cure.